Computer Programming | Education | Technology

Kali Linux | Installation

Basic requirements for Kali Linux

Kali Linux is a basic linux operating system. All you have to make sure is that you have the compatible hardware. Kali is supported on i386, amd64, and ARM (both ARMEL and ARMHF) platforms. The hardware requirements are minimal as listed below, although better hardware will naturally provide better performance.

  • A minimum of 20 GB disk space for the Kali Linux install,
  • RAM for i386 and amd64 architectures, minimum: 2GB, recommended: 4GB or more, and
  • a CD-DVD Drive / USB boot support/ VirtualBox

How to install Kali Linux?

Kali Linux installation is a fairly simple process and you have multiple installation options. Most preferred ones include:

  1. Installing Kali Linux by making a Kali (linux) bootable USB drive
  2. Kali Linux hard disk install
  3. Using virtualization software, such as VMware or VirtualBox
  4. Dual booting Kali Linux with the operating system

While you have multiple options to choose from, in this article, we will learn how to install Kali Linux using virtualization software. Following are the below-stated steps, you can set up your machine with all the tools you need to perform a comprehensive penetration test.

Step 1: Install and setup a Virtual Environment

In order to run Kali Linux, we will need some sort of virtualization software first. While there are many options to choose from, such as Oracle’s VirtualBox, VMware. Once the installation is done, launch the virtual software from your applications folder.

Oracle Virtual box

VMware Workstation

Step 2: Download Kali Linux

To download Kali Linux you can go to the official download page and select the one that best suits your needs or you can go through the below link

Kali Linux

Step 3: Launch  a new virtual machine

On VMware Workstation Pro homepage, click on create a new virtual machine, choose the Kali Linux iso file, select the guest operating system and configure virtual machine details (here, Kali Linux). Start the virtual machine by selecting the Kali Linux VM, and then clicking on the green “Power On”  button. 

The machine will start up!

Installation Procedure

Step 1:

Once the machine is powered up, you will be prompted to select your preferred installation mode in the GRUB menu. Select graphical install and continue.

Step 1 Kali Lniux - Installing Kali Linux - Edureka

Step 2:

Next couple of screens will ask you to select locale information such as your preferred language, your country location and, keyboard layout.

geographic location

Step 3:

Once through the local information, the loader will automatically install some additional components and configure your network related settings. Then the installer will prompt for a hostname and domain for this installation. Provide appropriate information for the environment and continue installing.

Step 3 Kali Linux - How to install Kali Linux - Edureka

Step 4: 

Set a password for your Kali Linux machine and hit continue. DO NOT FORGET THIS PASSWORD.

Step 3 Kali Linux - How to install Kali Linux - Edureka

Step 5: 

After the password is set, the installer will prompt you to set the time zone and then pauses at the disk partitioning. The installer will now provide you four choices about the partitions of the disk. The easiest option for you is to use ‘Guided – Use Entire Disk’. Experienced users can use the “Manual” partitioning method for more granular configuration options.

Step 5 Kali Linux - How to install Kali Linux - Edureka

Step 6: 

Select the partitioning disk (the recommended option is all files in one partition for new users) & then hit on continue.

Step 6 Kali Linux - How to install Kali Linux - Edureka

Step 7: 

Confirm all changes to be made to the disk on the host machine. Be aware that if you continue it will ERASE DATA ON THE DISK.

Step 7 Kali Linux - How to install Kali Linux - Edureka

On you confirm the partition changes, the installer will run through the process of installing the files. Let it install the system automatically, this may take a while…

Step 8: 

Once the necessary files are installed, system will ask you if you want to set up a network mirror to obtain future pieces of software and updates. Be sure to enable this functionality if you wish to use the Kali repositories.

Step 8 Kali Linux - - How to install Kali Linux - Edureka

Let it configure the package manager related files then…

Step 9: 

Next you will be asked to install the GRUB boot loader. Select ‘Yes’ and pick the device to write the necessary boot loader information to the hard drive which is required to boot Kali.

Step 9 Kali Linux - How to install Kali Linux - Edureka

Step 10: 

Once the installer finishes installing GRUB to the disk, click on continue to finish the installation, it will install some final stage files.

Step 10 Kali Linux - How to install Kali Linux - Edureka

By this point, Kali would be successfully installed and you would be ready to begin your journey exploring Kali Linux!

Thank you for reading this Article,

Team BloggerBoy


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